The European Union
What is the EU?
The EU stands for the European Union. Tory Prime Minister Edward Heath took Britain into what was then called the European Community (known to most as the Common Market) in 1973. It is considered that this was an illegal move as the ministers who took us in knew, at the time, that it was going to develop into a political union. This was done by a series of treaties. Two core functional treaties: the Treaty on European Union (originally signed in Maastricht in 1992), and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (originally signed in Rome in 1958 as the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community) laid out how the EU operates. There are also a number of satellite treaties which are interconnected with these treaties. The treaties have been repeatedly amended by other treaties over the 65 years since they were first signed. The consolidated version of the two core treaties is regularly published by the European Commission.
What does it do?
The best way to answer this question is to describe the main aim of the European Union. This is to steer it towards a United States of Europe, with its own navy, army and air force, along the lines of the United States of America. In September 2016 it was announced that the army could be used internally, as well as externally. The individual states being the individual countries of the EU. The unelected Commissioners make all the laws and the European Parliament has been established to give it the appearance of a democracy. The Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) cannot initiate laws, but only rubber-stamp the laws made by the Commissioners - to give it the look of a democracy.
Why is it bad?
There are several reasons why it is considered bad. First of all, we cannot sack the European Commissioners at election time as there is no election for Commissioners. Yes, we can sack the MEPs, but that achieves absolutely nothing as they have no say in the laws or the direction of the EU. Then there is the unlimited movement throughout the Union. This has meant that, instead of us taking in knowledgeable workers from throughout the world, we have to take in anyone from the EU, whether they have skills or not. In addition to this, we have to accept millions of Middle Eastern people as soon as they get EU passports. Our courts find that they cannot easily return rapists, thieves or murderers to their original country.
How can we stop it?
The majority in this country have voted to leave in a referendum. There are two main schools of thought. One is to go through a complex exit strategy called Article 50 which is a device drawn up by the EU and is deliberately vague. Another way is to repeal the 1972 act but if you follow the link you will see the legal arguments against this as it breaks international law. However, lawyers who specialise in International Law, have stated in no uncertain terms that it is not illegal. The European Union holds a strong and principled position against the death penalty; its abolition is a key objective for the Union’s human rights policy. Abolition is, of course, also a pre-condition for entry into the Union. Some have voiced what the EU would do if we brought hanging back for terrorism? Would we be expelled?